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CFR Title 16 Part 1700.20 Child Resistant Testing


Introduction to 16 CFR 1700.20 certification for child safety packaging:

Child protection packaging began in the United States in 1970. The "Poison Prevention Packaging Act" (PPPA) stipulates that products harmful to children must be packaged in child-safe packaging. A large number of accidents involving household, gardening, and automotive chemicals, as well as accidents involving drugs and other harmful substances, triggered the legislative process. Since then, the frequency and severity of incidents involving child-proof packaging have decreased significantly.

According to the PPPA standard, the test procedure of child safety packaging is fixed to ensure the reliability of its function. In these tests, 200 children aged 42 to 51 months had to try to open a package. If 80% of people cannot complete this task, then this bag can be considered resistant to children. However, it is also important that adults, especially the elderly, can also be opened and reinstalled. Many other countries have also followed the US example published in 16 CFR§1700.20 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations and have established similar standards.

Application materials required for 16 CFR 1700.20 certification:

1. Application form;

2. Certified product information (including product pictures, product drawings, volume and other parameters);

3. At least 400 test samples are guaranteed.

16 CFR 1700.20 test requirements:

(1) Children's group

①The composition of the test group:

(a) Number: 200 children;

(b) Age and gender: age between 42-51 months (including 42 months and 51 months, the same age and gender below should be evenly distributed);

(c) Represent as much as possible the different social classes, races and cultural backgrounds of the entire country's population;

(d) Be healthy, have no obvious physical or intellectual defects, and have a certain degree of practical ability;

(e) Participate in this kind of test not more than once (including various open-type packaging tests based on different principles). If a child is allowed to participate in more than one trial, the interval between the two trials is at least one week.

②Prevent children from opening the packaging test site:

The experiment should be conducted in a place familiar to the children, such as the school or kindergarten they attend, but the experimental children should be separated from other school personnel and external interference should be avoided. Several locations should be selected from areas with different population distributions. The experiment may not be completed at the same location and at the same time.

③Test method:

(a) Children's trials should be carried out in pairs, each being carried out under the supervision of a fair, appropriately qualified person who is good at dealing with children. If necessary, under the condition of not interfering with each other, 5 pairs of children can be tested in the same room at the same time. They can adopt postures and positions that they consider convenient. During the experiment, if a child wants to slip away, the supervisor should stop it; and induce the child to return to his or her position and ask him or her to continue, but should not give any prompt to open the package. This situation should be recorded in the test report;

 (b) Within the first 5 minutes, that is, before the demonstration, send the package to each child. They can open the package by any method they want. Do not prevent the child from opening the package with teeth or other methods. Except for the tools or devices specially provided as part of the child safety package, children are not allowed to use any other tools or appliances. In this case, if the child does not notice that tool or device, until the demonstration, No need to remind them;

If a child successfully opens the package within 5 minutes, then the child should stay in the test area until the end of the period;

(c) Before the start of the second 5 minutes, let the children who have not opened the package within the first 5 minutes watch the supervisor open a package and seal it, do not focus on the opening action, and do not have any Give verbal prompts and then give these children 5 minutes to open the package;

(d) After each 5-minute period, it should be recorded whether a child has opened the package. If the child successfully opened the package, it should be recorded before or after the demonstration. At the same time, record whether you opened the package with your teeth or other methods.

④Judgment of the test results of the children group:

(a) Without demonstration, at least 85% of the children in the test group could not open the bag within 5 minutes;

(b) After demonstrating those children who did not open the package in the first 5 minutes, 80% of the children still could not open the package in the second 5 minutes.


(Two). Elderly group

①The composition of the test group:

(a) Number: 100 normal elderly;

(b) Age and gender: 70% of women should be women, 25 people between 50-54 years old (50 and 54 years old, the same below); 25 people between 55-59 years old and 50 people between 60-70 years old.

②Test method:

Send the packaged product together with other accessories and instructions on how to open the package and re-seal it correctly (the content of the manual is printed on the package or provided to consumers in the package), and distributed to each elderly person, without opening the package and resealing it. Demonstration, give 5 minutes for each adult to read the instructions, open the package and re-seal correctly, and record the results.

③ Judgment of the test results of the elderly group: Without demonstration, at least 90% of the elderly can correctly open and reseal the package within 5 minutes.

Five: Basic insider test report:

a) The name of the testing organization;

b) Date of testing;

c) Packaging container manufacturer;

d) The name of the inspection supervisor;

e) A detailed description of the packaging container for the test.

16 CFR 1700.20 test significance:

The effective design of the anti-opening "safety cover": "Set the cover for packaging food, medicine, cosmetics, chemicals and other substances into two layers inside and outside. If only force is applied to rotate the outer layer, the cover cannot be opened. The layer cap pushes down on the bottle body while driving the inner layer cap to rotate to successfully open the cap. Because this opening method involves force in two directions, it makes it more difficult for children to open the cap, thereby improving safety.” .

The protection of children's safety is one of the country's and every family's primary preventive measures. Effective design of safe bottle caps and packaging bags is an effective way to reduce the source of accidental child poisoning. Children accidentally open "packaged safety bottle caps" and "packages" and accidentally eat medicines, chemicals, cosmetics, and poisonous substances, which are painful events that every family does not want to see. . In order to ensure the safety of children, the packaging uses an anti-opening "safety cover" to reduce and reduce the risk of accidental eating by children.